History

History of MERO ČR, a. s.

The international crude oil pipeline, as an infrastructure complex crossing the borders between Bavaria and the Czech Republic, represents one of the milestones in the unification of Europe. In the past, the Czech Republic covered all its crude oil needs through imports from Siberian oil fields. Reports on decreasing crude oil exports and status of the Družba crude oil pipeline, estimates of reduction of crude oil reserves as well as the political and economic situation in Eastern Europe were the impulses for looking for alternative sources of energy. The Czech economy, seeking independence in this respect, decided to build a connection to the West-European pipeline systems.

That is how the idea of MERO – IKL crude oil pipeline was born. Different studies with possible alternative solutions were compiled in the second half of 1990. Connection to Deutsche Transalpine Oelleitung (TAL) was found to be the most favorable solution. After TAL had given its approval for this connection, Chemopetrol Pipeline, GmbH was established in April 1991 (April 24, 1991). This company was the precursor of MERO Germany GmbH. The company ILF Beratende Ingenieure in Munich was charged with drafting the global plan for the MERO crude oil pipeline system. After obtaining the necessary permits, official documents and decisions, the construction could begin. Since April 1994, a tank farm of total volume of 200,000 m3 has been constructed in Vohburg an der Donau. Construction of the pipeline, totaling 349 km in length (179 km of which is located in Bavaria), began in December 1994.

1964-1965

Construction and putting into permanent operation of the Družba crude oil pipeline managed by the state-owned enterprise Benzina until 1991;

1991

Establishment of Transpetrol, a. s. Bratislava operating the Družba crude oil pipeline transport system in the former Czech and Slovak Federative Republic until the end of 1992;

1992

Establishment of the company Chemopetrol IKL, spol. s r.o. created by the owners of refineries, the Chemopetrol, s. p. Litvínov company and the Kaučuk, s. p. Kralupy nad Vltavou company for the purpose of erection of the crude oil pipeline Ingolstadt – Kralupy nad Vlavou – Litvínov (IKL) and construction of the Central Crude Oil Tank Farm Nelahozeves;

January 1, 1993

Establishment of Petrotrans, a. s. incorporated by the Ministry of Industry and Commerce of the Czech Republic (upon split of the Czechoslovak Federative Republic Transpetrol, a. s. was divided into two entities – Transpetrol, a. s. in the Slovak Republic and Petrotrans, a. s. in the Czech Republic); the company’s objective was to ensure the crude oil transport to refineries in the Czech Republic through the Družba crude oil pipeline;

October 1, 1993

Transformation of Chemopetrol IKL, spol. s r.o. to a corporation called MERO IKL, a. s. in accordance with the government concept of the refineries and petrochemical industry restructuring and with the aim to allow for participation of the National Property Fund of the Czech Republic in funding the IKL crude oil pipeline construction;

November 1, 1993

Transfer of assets of Petrotrans, a. s. to the National Property Fund of the Czech Republic becoming the sole shareholder of the company;

January 1, 1994

Establishment of MERO ČR, a. s. merging Petrotrans, a. s. and MERO IKL, a. s.;

January 1, 2006

Dissolution of the National Property Fund of the Czech Republic. Responsibilities of the Fund were transferred to the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic which thus became the sole shareholder of MERO ČR, a. s.

December 21, 2012

Registration in the commercial registers of companies owning and operating the TAL crude oil pipeline (Societá Italiana per l´Oeleodotto Transalpino S.p.a, Transalpine Ölleitung in Österreich Ges.m.b.H and Deutsche Transalpine Oelleitung GmbH), means that MERO CR, a.s. has become a co-owner of the TAL crude oil pipeline. It acquired a 5% share from Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH.

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History of the Subsidiary Company MERO Germany GmbH

April 24, 1991

Establishment of Chemopetrol Pipeline, GmbH with home office in Munich by the Ministry of Trade and Commerce of the Czech Republic; the company was established in order to ensure the construction of the IKL crude oil pipeline in Germany;

February 1993

Ownership of Chemopetrol Pipeline, GmbH transferred to Chemopetrol IKL, spol. s.r.o. and after its transformation to MERO IKL, a. s.;

January 1, 1994

MERO ČR, a. s. became the sole shareholder of Chemopetrol Pipeline, GmbH;

December 1996

Change of the corporate name from Chemopetrol Pipeline, GmbH to MERO Pipeline, GmbH and change of the company’s home office from Munich to Bavarian town Vohburg an der Donau near Ingolstadt where the construction of a tank farm and an administrative building was completed.

2009

Change of the corporate name from MERO Pipeline, GmbH to MERO Germany AG.

March 2018

Change of the corporate name from MERO Germany AG to MERO Germany GmbH

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