The TAL crude oil pipeline

The TAL crude oil pipeline is managed by the TAL Group (TAL Consortium), which is made up of three companies - Societá Italiana per l´Oeleodotto Transalpino S.p.a (SIOT), Transalpine Ölleitung in Österreich Ges.m.b.H and Deutsche Transalpine Oelleitung GmbH. Shares in the individual companies are held by the word’s major oil companies. MERO ČR, a.s. owns a 5 % stake in the three above- mentioned companies.

The TAL crude oil pipeline links the port of Trieste with Central European countries with the aim of helping to secure their energy needs by ensuring the supply of crude oil to refineries in Austria, Germany and the Czech Republic.

From the port of Trieste the TAL crude oil pipeline runs through the Italian region of Friuli Venezia Giulia from where it crosses the Alps and continues through Austria to Ingolstadt in Germany where it splits. The western part of the pipeline terminates in Karlsruhe, and the eastern part near Neustadt. The total length of the pipeline is 753 km..

Construction of the pipeline began in 1961. It was a large-scale project which was unique and complex but also very costly. The first tanker docked at the port of Trieste on the 13th of April 1967, and the first shipment of oil to the refinery in Ingolstadt took place in October 1967.

Also in 1967, the flow was reversed in the RDO crude oil pipeline (Rhein Donau Oelleitung) from Ingolstadt to Karlsruhe.

In 1970, the TAL system was connected to the Adria Wien Pipeline (AWP) and began supplying the Schwechat refinery near Vienna.

In 1972, TAL merged with RDO, and since then TAL has had three branches - TAL IG (from Trieste to Ingolstadt), TAL OR (from Ingostadt to Karlsruhe) and TAL NE (from Ingolstadt to Neustadt).

In 1995, the TAL system was connected to the IKL pipeline (by MERO), which supplies oil to refineries in the Czech Republic.

In 1997, TAL became the transporter after the Central European Pipeline (CEL) was stopped.

From the very beginning of its operation the TAL crude oil pipeline has been a symbol of economically and environmentally responsible behavior, high ethical standards and a strong awareness of the importance of maintaining safe operation.

Historical points of interest: 

• duration of pipeline construction: 1,000 days

• human resources involved in the design and implementation of the work: approximately 8,000 engineers, technicians and other workers from many countries

• construction of the pipeline used 40,000 individual pieces of pipe – the length of each piece is 12 meters and weight is 3 tons